FITTING

Reducers are pipe fittings used to accommodate size transitions in piping systems. They come in two types: concentric, which reduces from the larger outlet to the smaller outlet by ways of a constant circumference reduction; and eccentric which reduces through a semi-circle circumference reduction. Visually, concentric reducers are uniform throughout the reduction, while eccentric reducers pull to one side.

 

MATERIAL SIZE RATING  
CARBON STEEL 1/2" - 24"


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order special size
LOW TEMPERATURE CARBON STEEL
ALLOWY STEEL
STANLESS STEEL
NON METAL

 

Plugs are fittings that provide flow control by plugging branches and outlets – the name is quite self-explanatory. Plugs come in several design: bull plugs (either round or hex), round head plugs, and hex head plugs. Most plugs are threaded; however some are provided without threads and are referred to as socket-weld plugs. A plug closes off the end of a pipe. It is similar to a cap but it fits inside the fitting it is mated to. In a threaded iron.

MATERIAL SIZE RATING  
CARBON STEEL 1/2" - 24" _ order special size
LOW TEMPERATURE CARBON STEEL
ALLOWY STEEL
STANLESS STEEL
NON METAL

 

Swage nipples are reducers for piping systems that are given their name due to the process of their manufacture. Swaging is a metal-forming technique in which the metal is plastically deformed to its final shape using high pressures, either by pressing or hammering, or by forcing the material through a die. Swaging differs from forging in that the swaged metal is cold worked, and the output of the swaging operation is usually the finished shape: they are cold formed from two pieces slamming into each other at high pressures. These pieces are longer than reducers, and are used more extensively in higher pressure applications. Swages contain a bore, usually matching that of the pipe onto which they are fitting. Because each end is of a different size, the bore – as well as the wall thickness and schedule – of each side can also be different. The swage ends can be plain (PBE, for plain both ends), threaded (TBE, for threaded both ends), bevelled (for butt-welding; BBE, for bevelled both ends), or a combination thereof, depending on the ends of the piping system into which the swage will be fitted.

 

MATERIAL SIZE RATING  
CARBON STEEL 1/2" - 24"


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order special size
LOW TEMPERATURE CARBON STEEL
ALLOWY STEEL
STANLESS STEEL
NON METAL

 

Whenever branch connections are required in size where reducing tees are not available and/or when the branch connections are of smaller size as compared to header size, olets are generally used.

 

MATERIAL SIZE RATING  
CARBON STEEL 1/2" - 24"


_

 
order special size
LOW TEMPERATURE CARBON STEEL
ALLOWY STEEL
STANLESS STEEL
NON METAL

 

A union is similar to a coupling, except it is designed to allow quick and convenient disconnection of pipes for maintenance or fixture replacement. While a coupling would require either solvent welding, soldering or being able to rotate with all the pipes adjacent as with a threaded coupling, a union provides a simple transition, allowing easy connection or disconnection at any future time. A standard union pipe is made in three parts consisting of a nut, a female end, and a male end. When the female and male ends are joined, the nuts then provide the necessary pressure to seal the joint. Since the mating ends of the union are interchangeable, changing of a valve or other device can be achieved with a minimum loss of time.

 

MATERIAL SIZE RATING  
CARBON STEEL 1/2" - 24"
_


 
order special size
LOW TEMPERATURE CARBON STEEL
ALLOWY STEEL
STANLESS STEEL
NON METAL

 

A type of pipe fitting, usually liquid or gas tight, which covers the end of a pipe. A cap is used like plug, except that the pipe cap screws or attaches on the male thread of a pipe. A cap may have a solvent weld socket end or a female threaded end and the other end closed off. In plumbing systems that use threads, the cap has female threads. Industrial caps can be round, square, rectangular, U-shaped, I-shaped and may have a round hand grip or a flat hand grip. If a solvent weld cap is used to provide for a future connection point, several inches of pipe must be left before the cap. This is because when the cap is cut off for the future connection, enough pipe must remain to allow a new fitting to be glued onto it.

MATERIAL SIZE RATING  
CARBON STEEL 1/2" - 24"

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order special size
LOW TEMPERATURE CARBON STEEL
ALLOWY STEEL
STANLESS STEEL
NON METAL

 

A tee is the most common pipe fitting. It is available with all female thread sockets, all solvent weld sockets, or with opposed solvent weld sockets and a side outlet with female threads. It is used to either combine or split a fluid flow. It is a type of pipe fitting which is T-shaped having two outlets, at 90° to the connection to the main line. It is a short piece of pipe with a lateral outlet. A tee is used for connecting pipes of different diameters or for changing the direction of pipe runs. They are made of various materials and available in various sizes and finishes. They are extensively used in pipeline networks to transport two-phase fluid mixtures. They are categorized as: •Equal •Unequal When the size of the branch is same as header pipes, equal tee is used and when the branch size is less than that of header size, reduced tee will be used. Most common are tees with the same inlet and outlet sizes. Some of the industrial tees are Straight Tee, Reducing Tee, Double Branch Tee, Double Branch Reducing Tee, Conical Tee, Double Branch Conical Tee, Bullhead Tee, Conical Reducing Tee, Double Branch Conical Reducing Tee, Tangential Tee, and Double Branch Tangential Tee.

 

MATERIAL SIZE RATING  
CARBON STEEL 1/2" - 24"

_


 
order special size
LOW TEMPERATURE CARBON STEEL
ALLOWY STEEL
STANLESS STEEL
NON METAL

 

An elbow is a pipe fitting installed between two lengths of pipe or tubing to allow a change of direction, usually a 90° or 45° angle, though 22.5° elbows are also made. The ends may be machined for butt welding, threaded (usually female), or socketed, etc. When the two ends differ in size, the fitting is called a reducing elbow or reducer elbow. Elbows are categorized based on various design features as below: •Long Radius (LR) Elbows – radius is 1.5 times the pipe diameter •Short Radius (SR) Elbows – radius is 1.0 times the pipe diameter •90 Degree Elbow – where change in direction required is 90° •60 Degree Elbow – where change in direction required is 60° •45 Degree Elbow – where change in direction required is 45

 

MATERIAL SIZE RATING  
CARBON STEEL 1/2" - 24"

_


 
order special size
LOW TEMPERATURE CARBON STEEL
ALLOWY STEEL
STANLESS STEEL
NON METAL

 

A fitting is used in pipe plumbing systems to connect straight pipe or tubing sections, to adapt to different sizes or shapes, and for other purposes, such as regulating or measuring fluid flow. The term plumbing is generally used to describe conveyance of water, gas, or liquid waste in ordinary domestic or commercial environments, whereas piping is often used to describe high-performance (e.g. high pressure, high flow, high temperature, hazardous materials) conveyance of fluids in specialized applications. The term tubing is sometimes used for lighter-weight piping, especially types that are flexible enough to be supplied in coiled form.

 

MATERIAL SIZE RATING  
CARBON STEEL 1/2" - 24"

_


 
order special size
LOW TEMPERATURE CARBON STEEL
ALLOWY STEEL
STANLESS STEEL
NON METAL

 

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